Published/Performed: 1931 (novel); Oct 17, 1932 - Dec 1932 (play performed at Guild Theatre, NY)
Author: Pearl S. Buck
Born: Jun 26, 1892 Hillsboro, WV
Passed: Mar 6, 1973 Danby, VT
Film: Kitty Foyle
Pearl Sydenstricker Buck (June 26, 1892 ? March 6, 1973) also known by her Chinese name Sai Zhenzhu (Chinese: ???; pinyin: S?i Zh?nzh?), was an American writer who spent most of her time until 1934 in China. Her novel The Good Earth was the best-selling fiction book in the U.S. in 1931 and 1932, and won the Pulitzer Prize in 1932. In 1938, she became the first American woman to be awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature, "for her rich and truly epic descriptions of peasant life in China and for her biographical masterpieces."
The Good Earth, a novel of family life in a Chinese village before World War II, was a best-seller in both 1931 and 1932 and has been a steady favorite ever since. In 2004, the book was returned to the best seller list when chosen by the television host Oprah Winfrey for Oprah's Book Club. The novel helped prepare Americans of the 1930s to consider Chinese as allies in the coming war with Japan.
A Broadway stage adaptation was produced by the Theatre Guild in 1932, written by the father and son playwriting team of Owen and Donald Davis, but it was poorly received by the critics, and ran only 56 performances. However, the 1937 film, The Good Earth, which was based on the stage version, was more successful. The film was The film was directed by Sidney Franklin, Victor Fleming (uncredited) and Gustav Machaty (uncredited). The film starred Paul Muni as Wang Lung. For her role as his wife O-Lan, Luise Rainer won an Academy Award for Best Actress. The film also won the Academy Award for Best Cinematography for Karl Freund.Read article at Wikipedia
Featured Cast (Names and Roles) of the Film Kitty Foyle: